Adrenal Gland Disease:

Adrenal Gland Disease

A small gland that makes steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline. These hormones help control heart rate, blood pressure, and other important body functions. There are two adrenal glands, one on top of each kidney. Also called suprarenal gland. 

What are common types of adrenal disorders?

There are different conditions related to your adrenal glands. Some of the most common include:. 

Addison’s disease

Addison’s disease, , also called adrenal insufficiency. In this disorder, you don’t produce enough cortisol and/or aldosterone.

Cushing’s syndrome

In this disorder, your levels of cortisol are too high. This term can be applied when large doses of steroids are given to treat certain medical conditions.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia This term refers to genetic condition in which your adrenal glands are not able to make cortisol well. As a result ACTH is elevated. Depending on the defect higher levels of male hormone might be made.

Adrenal gland suppression

Adrenal gland suppression. This is a type of adrenal insufficiency that is related to outside sources of cortisol or related synthetic hormones such as prednisone or dexamethasone.


Hyperaldosteronism. If you have this condition, your body produces too much aldosterone which can lead to blood pressure elevation and potassium loss.


Virilization. This condition happens when your body produces too much of the male sex hormones and is only apparent in females or boys before puberty.

There are different conditions related to your adrenal glands. Some of the most common include

Adrenal gland tumors

Adrenal gland tumors. Tumors can disrupt hormone output, but are usually noncancerous.

Adrenocortical carcinoma

Adrenocortical carcinoma. This rare condition refers to cancer forming in the adrenal gland’s outer layer.


 If you have this condition, your glands make too much epinephrine and norepinephrine which can raise blood pressure or make your heart race.

Pituitary tumors

Pituitary tumors Abnormal growth on the pituitary gland can cause adrenal gland conditions by disrupting the


made by the adrenal glands. ACTH producing tumors cause Cushing’s disease. If tumors are large enough, they may press on the normal pituitary cells and cause deficiency of ACTH and secondary adrenal insufficiency.